The research has shown link between gingivitis ( inflammation of the gum) , premature childbirth and low birth weight.
The research about the exact mechanisms underlying this association is still ongoing, but it's believed that the inflammation of the gum may cause the release of certain substances that can induce labor. Additionally, the bacteria associated with gum disease can enter the bloodstream and potentially reach the uterus, contributing to inflammation and preterm labor.
Pregnancy hormonal change can affect the response of gum tissues to plaque. It's essential for pregnant women to maintain good oral hygiene practices, including regular dental check-ups and cleanings, to help prevent and manage gingivitis.
Here are some general tips for maintaining good oral health during pregnancy:
Regular Dental Check-ups: Schedule regular dental check-ups. Routine cleanings and check-ups are generally safe and important.
Brushing and Flossing: Floss every night before brushing to remove food particles and then brush your teeth ( If you have high gag reflex due to pregnancy, please take a deep breath and go for brushing the back teeth, that is what I do, even though I am not pregnant but I have high gag reflex!). And brush in the morning to remove the build up of bacteria. Do use toothpick to clean the food particles between your teeth as soon as you finish eating. As I like to say to my patients: Food you leave around your teeth is not for you anymore but for the bacteria. It will help them to damage your teeth, gum and bone.
Rinse you mouth with water: Whenever you drink water ( It is important to keep hydrated during pregnancy) do first swish it around you mouth to clean your teeth and then swallow it.
And last but not the least: DIET: Watch out for sugary snacks and drinks.
Be aware of these signs of gum disease: bleeding, redness, or swelling of the gums and painful gum.
I hope this helps.
Have a very happy pregnancy,